Discussion All Areas Of Systematic Theology
It seems to me that most Preterists (also Futurists) believe that “death” in Gen. 2:17 is speaking of “spiritual death” but I am not convinced. If this was so, then what is the point that Jesus had to die on the cross, physically? Also in Gen. 3:19 is talking about physical death as God warned to Adam. I already compared Gen. 2:17 to other passages in the OT which are very similar: Gen. 20:7; 1 Sam. 22:16; 1 Kings 2:37 & 42; Jer. 26:8; Ezek. 3:18; Ezek. 33:8. So, I think this would fit nicely with 1 Cor. 15 (it is not about corporation resurrection as many Preterists believe).
Only thing that separate from God is sin (Isa. 59:2) and the wages of sin is death (Rom. 6:23, physical, not spiritual). Through Christ, the believers were able to have an access into heaven with God.
Now we turn into the New Testament and I’ve selected a few: John 3:16; 11:24-27; Rom. 5:12; 6:23; Heb. 2:9-17.
I have seen some preterists who hold the “corporation resurrection” or “covenantal change” in 1 Cor. 15 but I don’t think they are being consistent with what Apostle Paul wrote. Paul was talking about the resurrection of Jesus and the saints were going to be like him when He came with the angels. The dead persons were going to be raised and the living persons were going to be changed. Both groups were expecting to put on incorruption and immortality so that they would defeat the death like Jesus did. Therefore, Paul was not talking about those in post-parousia of Christ (IBD or IBN).
About the “spiritual death”, which passages it would support this view? Most would define this as spiritual separation from God but throughout the Bible history, He still communicated with them or filled them with the Holy Spirit. Of course Adam and Eve did eat and they didn't die that day. The Lord's statement was a pronouncement of the penalty for sin. On that day Adam and Eve's status would change. They would certainly die, whereas before then they would either live on endlessly or die, depending on their choice. Rejection of the source of life means only death.
Gen. 3:22 And Jehovah God saith, `Lo, the man was as one of Us, as to the knowledge of good and evil; and now, lest he send forth his hand, and have taken also of the tree of life, and eaten, and lived to the age,' -- 23 Jehovah God sendeth him forth from the garden of Eden to serve the ground from which he hath been taken; 24 yea, he casteth out the man, and causeth to dwell at the east of the garden of Eden the cherubs and the flame of the sword which is turning itself round to guard the way of the tree of life.
It doesn’t tell us if they already ate the tree of life but the point is that they were forbidden to have an access to the tree of life in order to live to the age (long time).